There are two common types of arthritis in the knee:
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of knee arthritis. OA is a degenerative disease in which the joint cartilage gradually wears away. Affects middle-aged and older people.
Post-traumatic arthritis can develop after an injury to the knee. Is similar to osteoarthritis and occur years after the injury. A fracture, ligament injury, or meniscus tear can be involved. This type any person can be affected.
- High weight.
- Older People Age.
- Women over 50 years.
- Repetitive stress injuries.
- High impact sports.
What are the symptoms?
The main symptoms are pain and and swelling, and they can be major in the morning or after a period of inactivity.
How is’t diagnostic?
- Physical examination, that focuses on your walk, range of motion, and joint swelling or tenderness.
- X-rays. Can show a loss of the joint space in the knee.
How can be treated?
Health and behavior modifications, such as patient education, physical therapy, exercise and weight loss.
Drug therapies, including simple pain relievers, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, opiates and stronger drugs for patients who do not respond to other drugs or treatments, and glucosamine and/or chondroitin sulfate
Intra-articular treatments, including corticosteroid injections or injections of hyaluronic acid (viscosupplementation)
Surgery, including arthroscopy, osteotomy, and arthroplasty (joint replacement).