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Arthritis of the Knee

There are two common types of arthritis in the knee:

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of knee arthritis. OA is a degenerative disease in which the joint cartilage gradually wears away. Affects middle-aged and older people.

Post-traumatic arthritis can develop after an injury to the knee. Is similar to osteoarthritis and occur years after the injury. A fracture, ligament injury, or meniscus tear can be involved. This type any person can be affected.

Increase factors

  • Heredity.
  • High weight.
  • Older People Age.
  • Women over 50 years.
  • Trauma.
  • Repetitive stress injuries.
  • High impact sports.

What are the symptoms?

The main symptoms are pain and and swelling, and they can be major in the morning or after a period of inactivity.

How is’t diagnostic?

  • Physical examination, that focuses on your walk, range of motion, and joint swelling or tenderness.
  • X-rays. Can show a loss of the joint space in the knee.
  • MRI

How can be treated?

Health and behavior modifications, such as patient education, physical therapy, exercise and weight loss.

Drug therapies, including simple pain relievers, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, opiates and stronger drugs for patients who do not respond to other drugs or treatments, and glucosamine and/or chondroitin sulfate

Intra-articular treatments, including corticosteroid injections or injections of hyaluronic acid (viscosupplementation)

Surgery, including arthroscopy, osteotomy, and arthroplasty (joint replacement).